About TURKEY

A COUNTRY FOR ALL TASTES

Turkey has so much to offer her visitors; breathtaking natural beauties, unique historical and archaeological sites, steadily improving hotel and touristic infrastructure and a tradition of hospitality and competitive prices. Therefore, it is not surprising that this country has recently become one of the world's most popular tourism destinations. Due to Turkey's diverse geography, one can experience four different climates in any one day. The rectangular shaped country is surrounded on three sides by three different seas. Its shores are laced with beaches, bays, coves, ports, islands and peninsulas. The summers are long, lasting as long as eight months in some areas. Turkey is also blessed with majestic mountains and valleys, lakes, rivers, waterfalls and grottoes perfect for winter and summer tourism and sports of all kinds.
Skiing fans, mountain climbers, trekkers, hikers and hunters can enjoy new and unforgettable experiences in Turkey. Turkey is, above anything else, a huge open-air museum, a repository of all the civilizations nurtured by the soils of Anatolia. The huge amount of historical and archaeological wealth in Turkey seems more appropriate for an entire continent than a single country. Recently, a new field of tourism has opened up: health tourism. The country is in fact rich with hot springs, healing waters and healing muds, which come highly recommended by the medical authorities as a remedy for many diseases.
For centuries, Turkey has also been a crossroads of religions, not only of Islam and Christianity, but also of many others now forgotten by history. Many religious devotees can find a site, a shrine, a monument, a tomb or a ruin connected with their faith or belief.
It is not possible in this page to represent all the touristic attractions of Turkey. Therefore, we suggest you to spare more time browsing our portal further

NATURREICHTUM

Turkey is a vast peninsula, covering an area of 814,578 square kilometres or 314,510 square miles and linking Asia to Europe through the Sea of Marmara and the Straits of Istanbul and Çanakkale. Across the Sea of Marmara, the triangular shaped Trace is the continuation of Turkey on the European continent. Anatolia is rectangular in outline, 1500 kilometres long and 550 kilometres wide.

THE MELTING POT OF CIVILISATIONS

EARLY AGES

The history of Turkey tells of a 10,000 year-old civilisation. Anatolia is a melting pot where cultures from Sumer, Babylon and Assyria interacted for centuries with peoples such as the Hattis, Hittites and Hourrites. The result was a unique Anatolian civilisation which has long inspired the thoughts and legends of the West. The ancient Bronze Age witnessed the establishment of the first independent city states. At that time, the centre and southeast of Anatolia were inhabited by the indigenous Hattis. The most spectacular findings from this time are those of Alaca Hoyuk in the Kızılırmak region and of Horoztepe near Tokat, in the Black Sea region. They are contemporary with the royal tombs of Mycenae in Greece.

THE ROMAN PERIOD

The Roman period of Anatolia began with the death of King Attalus III of Pergamon (Bergama) who willed his country to the Romans because he had no direct heir. Anatolia then lived through a period of peace and prosperity, particularly in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. The pax Romana proved to be an extraordinary period of urban development. Ephesus served as the seat of the Roman governor of Asia and as a great commercial and cultural centre.

SELJUK AND OTTOMAN TURKS

In the 11th century, under their leader Tugrul, the Seljuk Turks founded the dynasty of great Seljuks reigning in Iran, Iraq and Syria. In 1071, his nephew Alp Arslan defeated the Byzantines in Malazgirt, near Lake Van. The doors of Anatolia were thus opened to the Turks, and Anatolia went through a profound transformation ethnically, politically, and in the religious, linguistic and cultural spheres. The Seljuk Sultanate in Anatolia continued until the beginning of the 14th century. The zenith of the Seljuk civilisation came in the first half of the 13th century with Konya as its political, economic, religious, artistic and literary centre. The Seljuks created a centralised administration organised around the Sultan, his ministers and provincial governors. Science and literature blossomed, as did mystic poetry. Anatolia was crossed by the great routes linking the east and west, and many of the caravanserais built along these routes still stand today. Agriculture, industry and handicrafts expanded and the country was suddenly rich in mosques, madrasahs (medreses - educational institutions) and caravanserais (kervansarays - roadside inns).

THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE GAINS GROUND

In 1296, Osman declared himself the independent Sultan of the region of Söğüt near Bursa he had hitherto held in fief, and founded the
Ottoman State. During the rule of his son Orhan, Bursa and Iznik were captured and soon the whole south-eastern coast of Marmara was under Ottoman control. The many conquests and diplomatic successes of Orhan were not the only achievements of his reign. He had encouraged and promoted art, literature, science and commerce. He also established a regular standing army, known as the Janissaries. Well paid and disciplined, the Janissaries provided the new Ottoman state with a patriotic force of trained soldiers.
Turkish lifestyle is a vivid mosaic; juxtaposing the West and the East, the modern and the ancient
Life in Turkey is a rich variety of cultures and traditions, some dating back centuries and others or more recent heritage. Any visitor to Turkey will find a great deal that is exotic, and much that is reassuringly familiar. The intriguing blend of East and West makes up the Turkish lifestyle

STATISTICS

GENERAL STATISTICS ABOUT TURKEY

  • A population of 73.722.988
  • Average age of population: 28.5
  •  166 universities, 104 of which are public universities
  •  Internet access per household : % 41.6
  •  61.8 million mobile phone users
  •  21 national, 14 regional and 229 local TV channels
  •  Non-permament member of the United Nations Security Council 2009-2010
  •  A candidate for the European Union since 2005
  •  A member of United Nations since 1945
  •  A member of Unesco since 1945
  •  A member of Council of Europe since 1949
  •  A member of Nato since 1952
  •  Turkey's negotiation process with the EU began on October 3th 2005.
  •  Number of 3G mobile phone subscribers : 19.407.264
  •  Number of mobile internet users): 1.448.020
  •  Number of internet subscribers) : 8.672.376



GENERAL TOURISM STATISTICS ABOUT TURKEY

Data for Turkish Tourism in 2011
  • 31.5 millions of international tourist arrivals
  • 23billion $ of tourism receipts ( without citizen visitors )




GENERAL STATISTICS ABOUT THE TOURISM TURKEY CAPACITY

  •  48 airports with annual 50-million- passenger capacity
  •  16 airports open to international flights,
  •  1.000.000-bed capacity
  •  8 airlines carrying passengers with scheduled ve nonscheduled navigations
  •  Turkish Airlines with 130 planes, one of the youngest fleet in Europe
  •  28 Marinas with 8800-yacht capacity
  •  9000 Licensed Tourist Guides
  •  5600 travel agencies
  •  258 beaches and 13 marinas with blue flag since 2008
  •  34 Thermal Tourism Centers in 17 Provinces
  •  20 Winter Sports Tourism Centers
  •  22 Highland Tourism Centers in 10 Provinces
  •  33 official National Parks
  •  16 official Natural Parks
  •  58 official Nature Monuments
  •  35 official Natural Protection Areas
  •  14 Clubs and hotels with golf fields

LANGUAGE

The official language is Turkish. English and German are widely spoken in major cities and tourist resorts, and you will find that most Turks welcome the opportunity to practise their language skills and will go out of their way to be helpful. Foreign visitors who attempt to speak even a few words of Turkish, however, will definitely be rewarded with even warmer smiles. It is not an easy language to learn, however, it does have one huge advantage in that it is completely phonetic and also grammatically logical. Unlike English, each letter of the alphabet has only one sound and is always pronounced in exactly the same way, apart from in combination with 'y' or 'g'. Even foreign words used in Turkish are adapted into Turkish phonetic spellings, which can offer some clues towards pronunciation - try saying the following out loud: ketçap, taksi, futbol, ofsayt. There is no 'q', 'w' or 'x' in Turkish and there are some additional characters. The accent usually falls on the first syllable in the word. The following should give you a rough guide to pronunciation:
a a cross between a long and short
'a' somewhere between the 'a' in
'man' and the 'a' sound in 'are'
c pronounced 'j' as in 'jam'
ç pronounced 'ch' as in 'church'
e a short sound as in 'egg'
g a hard 'g' as in'go'
ğ this character is silent but elongates the vowel to either side of it
ı pronounced 'er' in 'number'
i a short sound as in 'ink'
o pronounced as in 'off'
ö pronounced as in the 'or' sound (with a silent 'r') in 'word'
s is a hissing sound as in 'seven'
ş pronounced 'sh' as in 'shut'
u pronounced 'oo' as in 'cool'
ü pronounced 'u' as in 'fuse'
y is generally used to separate vowels and creates some slightly different sounds in combination as follows:
'ay' pronounced 'eye';
'ey' pronounced as in 'they';
'iy' pronounced 'ee'
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